Travertine: types, applications, colors and prices

We bring you the best information about travertine: colors, types, textures, uses, prices per square meter (m2), environments and finishes.

What is travertine and what is it made of?

Travertine is a natural sedimentary limestone formed by calcium carbonate deposits. It is known for its distinctive appearance, which includes porous textures and veins caused by the release of gases during its formation

Travertine forms in hot, underground water basins where calcium carbonate precipitates and accumulates to create limestone deposits. Over time, the stone hardens and turns into travertine. Travertine is widely used in construction and decoration. It is commonly used for floors, wall coverings, countertops, fireplaces and decorative elements.

Travertine, with its rich history and aesthetic variety, continues to be a popular choice in construction and decoration for its elegant and timeless appearance.

Where does travertine come from?

The main travertine quarries are located in various parts of the world, with some of the most notable countries for their travertine production:

  1. Italy: Italy is known for being one of the largest producers of travertine in the world. The regions of Umbria, Tuscany and Lazio are particularly famous for their travertine quarries.
  2. Türkiye: Türkiye is another major producer of travertine. Turkish quarries supply a variety of travertine types, including Classic Travertine.
  3. Iran: Iran is known for its travertine quarries, and Iranian travertine is used in various architectural and design applications.
  4. Mexico: Mexico is a significant source of travertine, with quarries in several regions of the country. Mexican travertine is appreciated for its quality and variety of colors.
  5. Spain: Spain has travertine quarries in various regions. The Almería region, in particular, is known for its travertine production.


How travertine colors are formed

Here is a general explanation of how colors are formed in natural stone travertine:

The colors in travertine are formed primarily due to the minerals and impurities present during its formation process. Travertine is a sedimentary limestone, and the variation in its color is due to several factors:

  1. Minerals Present: The minerals present in the stone can influence its color. For example, the presence of iron oxides can contribute to warmer hues, while other minerals can lead to cooler colors.
  2. Impurities and Sedimentation: During the formation of travertine, the stone originates from the sedimentation of calcium carbonate. The impurities and different types of sediment present in the water during this process can affect the final color of the stone.
  • Geological Processes: The pressure and temperature to which the stone is subjected during its formation can also influence its characteristics. Geological processes such as compression and metamorphism can alter the molecular structure of minerals and therefore affect color.
  • Training Environment: The environment in which travertine forms, whether in a hot water or groundwater environment, also

  • Main uses of travertine natural stone

    Travertine is a versatile natural stone that is used in a variety of architectural and design applications due to its attractive appearance and durability. Here are some of the main uses of travertine:

    1. Wall Coverings: Travertine is commonly used to cover walls indoors and outdoors. Its porous texture and color variations provide a distinctive look to spaces.
    2. Soils: It is widely used in creating floors both indoors and outdoors. From homes to commercial spaces, travertine provides an elegant and timeless touch.
    3. Kitchen and Bathroom Countertops: Countertops made of travertine are prized for their natural beauty. However, it is important to seal them properly to protect against stains and damage.
    4. Decorative Elements: Sculptures, columns, moldings and other decorative elements can be sculpted from travertine blocks, providing aesthetic details to any setting.
    5. Pools and Outdoor Areas: Travertine's resistance to outdoor conditions makes it ideal for paving around swimming pools and in outdoor areas. Its natural texture can also provide good grip when walking.
    6. Chimneys: Travertine-clad fireplaces add a touch of warmth and elegance to interior spaces. Natural stone resists high temperatures well.
    7. Stairs and Hallways: Stairs and hallways can benefit from the durability of travertine. Using it in high traffic areas adds both functionality and style.
    8. Facades and Architectural Elements: Travertine has historically been used in the construction of building facades and in architectural elements such as columns and arches. Provides a classic and timeless look.
    9. Furniture and Accessories: Travertine stone is often used in the creation of furniture and accessories, such as tables, nightstands and lamps.
    10. Luxury Bathrooms: Luxury bathrooms often incorporate travertine in walls, floors and countertops, creating an elegant and relaxing environment.

    Travertine is appreciated for its ability to adapt to a variety of styles and uses, whether in classic, rustic or contemporary settings. Choosing the specific type of travertine and its finish will depend on aesthetic preferences and the needs of the project.


    Why is the use of travertine so popular in decoration, architecture and construction?
    The popularity of travertine is due to a combination of factors that make this natural stone an attractive choice in architecture and design. Here are some reasons why travertine is popular:
    • Aesthetics: Travertine has a distinctive and elegant appearance with its natural veins and color variations. Its timeless aesthetic fits well with a wide variety of architectural styles.
    • Versatility: It is a versatile stone that is used in a variety of applications, from wall and floor coverings to countertops and decorative elements. Its adaptability contributes to its popularity.
    • Variety of colors and types: Travertine is available in a wide range of colors, from warm tones such as beige and cream to darker shades such as brown and gold. Additionally, there are several types of travertine, such as Classic Travertine, Gold, Noce, and more, each with unique characteristics.
    • Durability: It is a durable and resistant natural stone that can withstand wear and tear in high traffic areas. Its ability to withstand weather conditions also makes it suitable for outdoor use.

    Colors and shades of travertine

    Travertine's variety of colors is one of its most distinctive and attractive characteristics. Shades and shades can vary significantly depending on the region of extraction and specific geological conditions. Here you have a list of the most important colors and types of travertine of the moment.

    Applications and uses of natural travertine stone

    Travertine stone is a versatile material that is used in a wide variety of applications in construction and decoration. Some of the main applications of travertine are:

    The best travertines from our factory to your home

    At Tienda del Mármol - Mármoles Andrés Marín we are manufacturers of the main travertine stones of the moment, such as Romano, Spanish, Noce, red, cream, yellow, gray... with the which we make all types of applications and send them to any part of the world where you need them, at low prices without intermediaries.

    We can produce large quantities thanks to our technology and our work team to supply the amount of travertine you need at all times with very short shipping times.

    We ship travertine to any part of the world

    We have preferential agreements with both national and international means of transport to be able to take our best travertine stone to any part of the world at very reasonable prices. Ask us for a quote for the natural stone you need and we will immediately send you prices for shipping costs.

    Hundreds of residences and all types of works around the world are built with natural travertine stone from our factory in Caravaca, with countries such as France or Switzerland being the main export destinations.

    Finishes / Treatments of travertine stone

    We call finishing any treatment that is carried out on the travertine stone and that provides a touch of beauty and, above all, covers the habitability needs that it requires. For example, a bush-hammered treatment is applied to travertine to prevent it from slipping in wet or humid conditions. There are basically two types of finish, those applied to the face of the travertine and those applied to the edge of the stone. We detail them below.

    The finishes we apply to the surface of the travertine

    Normally we can apply up to 8 types of treatment on the surface of travertine stone. Each finish provides different qualities to the natural stone depending on the operation, application or use that is going to be given to it.

    Bush hammered

    Bush hammered Sandstone

    The bush-hammered finish of the sandstone is achieved by hitting the surface of the sandstone with a hammer or also called a bush hammer, achieving a uniform and rough appearance, which achieves greater grip.

    Main uses of bush-hammered sandstone

    • Exteriors: facades, floors, pavements, stairs and pool edges, especially to avoid slipping when wet or damp.
    Honed

    Limestone Honed

    This finish gives the limestone a smooth, matte surface. Just as the polished finish has a crystalline shine, the honed finish has a shine although it gives us a very smooth texture.

    More and more customers are choosing the honed finish because of the possibilities it offers.

    How to obtain the honed limestone

    The type of honed finish on limestone is achieved with rotating wheels on its surface that "scorch" it, presenting different granulometries depending on the goal to be achieved.

    Main uses of the honed finish of Limestone


    • Interiors, it can be used on floors and wall cladding
    • Outdoors mainly on facades
    Sandblasted

    Sandblasted Limestone

    The sandblasted finish gives the limestone a slight grainy relief, which results in a base with a very fine dotted pattern that is not smooth, but uniform in its texture. The sandblasting of limestone is obtained by exposing the surface to a jet of silica sand, causing a soft abrasion.

    Main uses of sandblasted limestone

    • Outdoors, especially floors and facades
    • Indoors it is not usually used for its rough texture

    Raw

    Raw Limestone

    The finish of raw, sawn or cut limestone is achieved by sawing the piece of limestone with diamond discs or strips. The result is a rough, scratchy and dull limestone.

    Uses of raw limestone

    • Exterior floors and paving, due to its grip capacity
    • Interior floors for polishing "in situ", it is the ideal to achieve the best result

    Aged

    Aged Limestone

    The aged limestone finish seeks to transmit the passage of time and allows us to achieve a classic atmosphere. To achieve this finish, different types of discs and brushes are used that make it smooth, old and worn at the same time, but also rough.

    Uses of Aged limestone

    • Mainly in interior limestone floors, paving, cladding and cladding

    Ground

    Ground Limestone

    The ground limestone, quite simply, is a dull limestone to prevent it from slipping, which is why it is widely used on outdoor floors.

    Grinding is achieved with fewer passes than for honing, that is, a puttying process is passed (covering the pores and fissures with the limestone-colored putty) and it is treated in the polisher with a single pass to smooth a little and Go over the remains of the putty from the pores and fissures.

    With the grinding, the cut marks that have remained from the rough phase and the finish of the marble are eliminated, being matte although with less pores and rusticity. To obtain ground limestone, a 60 granulometry carborundum wheel is used.

    Uses of ground limestone

    • Ground limestone is used mainly on exterior floors and facades

    Uses of ground limestone

    • Ground limestone is mainly used outdoors

    Scarfiled

    Scarfiled Limestone

    The scarfilado gives the limestone a rustic appearance, discovering reliefs and irregularities that give it a unique touch. Its appearance is very similar to that of a split fragment with a natural cut but with more reliefs. It is being used not only in rustic settings but also in the most avant-garde spaces.

    This aspect is achieved by striking with chisels and traditional tools on the marble that gives off splinters.

    Uses of scarfiled limestone

    • Grinded limestone is mainly used in interior and exterior facades and limestone cladding

    The treatments applied to the edges of a piece of travertine stone

    There is a wide variety of finishes that can be applied to travertine stone edges. Remember that we can do any type of finish you need, although the most common are:

    We are manufactures We manufacture for you
    Quick Deliveries We ship worldwide
    Factory prices Without intermediaries
    Wide Catalog Assorted colors
    Quality Travertine Specially selected
    Cut to size projects With personalized attention

    What is the price of travertine stone? How much is the square meter of travertine?

    The price of the highest quality travertine stone, like the one we manufacture at TiendadelMarmol.com, will depend on factors such as the color, type or treatment applied to its face or edge. The price of travertine per square meter is also affected by the size of the piece and especially by the quantity. What is the price per square meter (m2) of travertine stone? we bring you a table of prices per m2 of the different sandstones in their most common formats and various treatments that are available. apply. Taxes, shipping or quantity discounts are not included.

    Types of travertine Polish Rawn Honed Aged Sandblasted Bushhamered Flamed
    Spanish Open Pore
    (Losas de 15x15x2 cm)
    39.08€/m228.58€/m237.15€/m239.06€/m245.15€/m245.33€/m249.47€/m2
    Olivillo Noce Open Pore
    (Losas de 40x30x2 cm)
    31.21€/m220.71€/m229.28€/m231.19€/m237.28€/m237.46€/m241.6€/m2
    Open Pore Red
    (Losas de 60x30x2 cm)
    38.24€/m227.74€/m236.31€/m238.22€/m244.31€/m244.49€/m248.63€/m2
    Roman Open Pore
    (Losas de 40x40x2 cm)
    40.95€/m230.45€/m239.02€/m240.93€/m247.02€/m247.2€/m251.34€/m2
    Romano Transparent Resin
    (Losas de 60x40x2 cm)
    41.98€/m231.48€/m240.05€/m241.96€/m248.05€/m248.23€/m252.37€/m2

    (Losas de 40x30x2 cm)
    36.67€/m226.17€/m234.74€/m236.65€/m242.74€/m242.92€/m247.06€/m2

    (Losas de 40x30x2 cm)
    36.67€/m226.17€/m234.74€/m236.65€/m242.74€/m242.92€/m247.06€/m2

    (Losas de 40x30x2 cm)
    31.21€/m220.71€/m229.28€/m231.19€/m237.28€/m237.46€/m241.6€/m2

    (Losas de 40x30x2 cm)
    31.21€/m220.71€/m229.28€/m231.19€/m237.28€/m237.46€/m241.6€/m2

    (Losas de 60x30x2 cm)
    38.24€/m227.74€/m236.31€/m238.22€/m244.31€/m244.49€/m248.63€/m2
    Transparent Resin Red
    (Losas de 60x30x2 cm)
    38.24€/m227.74€/m236.31€/m238.22€/m244.31€/m244.49€/m248.63€/m2
    roman putty
    (Losas de 40x40x2 cm)
    35.7€/m225.2€/m233.77€/m235.68€/m241.77€/m241.95€/m246.09€/m2
    Transparent Resin Cream
    (Losas de 40x30x2 cm)
    35.75€/m225.25€/m233.82€/m235.73€/m241.82€/m242€/m246.14€/m2
    Yellow Open Pore
    (Losas de 60x40x2 cm)
    39.64€/m229.14€/m237.71€/m239.62€/m245.71€/m245.89€/m250.03€/m2

    (Losas de 30x30x2 cm)
    36.47€/m225.97€/m234.54€/m236.45€/m242.54€/m242.72€/m246.86€/m2
    Yellow transparent resin
    (Losas de 30x30x2 cm)
    36.47€/m225.97€/m234.54€/m236.45€/m242.54€/m242.72€/m246.86€/m2
    silver gray
    (Losas de 15x15x2 cm)
    45.17€/m234.67€/m243.24€/m245.15€/m251.24€/m251.42€/m255.56€/m2

    Advantages of travertine in Architecture and Interior Design

      Travertine offers several advantages that contribute to its popularity in construction and design. Here are some of the key advantages of using travertine:

      • Attractive Aesthetics: Travertine has a naturally elegant appearance with its distinctive veins and color variations.
      • Variety of Colors and Patterns: Available in a wide range of colors, from warm tones to cooler colors, with unique patterns and natural grains.
      • Versatility of Applications: It can be used in wall coverings, floors, countertops, fireplaces and decorative elements, being versatile for different areas inside and outside a home.
      • Durability: Durable natural stone that can withstand wear and tear in high traffic areas, abrasion resistant and long service life.
      • Adaptability to Different Styles: Adapts to a variety of design styles, from classic and rustic to modern and contemporary.
      • Thermal Conductivity: Good thermal conductivity, efficient in retaining and releasing heat, being a suitable option for underfloor heating.
      • Weather Resistance: Can be used in outdoor areas, resistant to weather conditions and sun exposure.
      • Possibility of Customized Finishes: Available in a variety of finishes, such as polished, honed, aged, allowing it to be adapted to the aesthetic preferences and requirements of the project.
      • Sustainability: As a natural stone, it is a sustainable material with less environmental impact compared to some synthetic materials.
      • Increased Residential Value: The use of travertine can increase the aesthetic and economic value of a property, especially in high-end applications.

    Disadvantages of travertine in your home

      Travertine also has some disadvantages that must be taken into account before having this type of natural stone or others such as limestone, sandstone, marble or granite. Here are some of the key disadvantages of using travertine:

      • Sensitivity to Acids: Travertine can be sensitive to acidic substances such as lemons or vinegar, which can cause stains or damage to the stone.
      • Porosity: It is naturally porous, which means it can absorb liquids. This makes it prone to staining if not properly sealed and maintained.
      • Need for Regular Sealing: To maintain its stain resistance, travertine requires regular sealing, especially in high-traffic areas or where it is exposed to constant moisture.
      • Variation in Quality: The quality of travertine can vary depending on the quarry of origin. Some quarries produce higher quality travertine than others.
      • Cost: Compared to some alternatives, travertine can be relatively expensive, especially for high-quality varieties and for extensive projects.
      • Sunlight Sensitivity: In some cases, continued exposure to sunlight can affect the color of travertine, causing discoloration over time.
      • Difficulty in Installation: Installation of travertine may require specialized skills due to its porous nature and variability in slab thickness.
      • Limitations on Slab Sizes: Travertine slabs often have limited sizes compared to some other stones, which may require more joints in large areas.
      • Vulnerability to Harsh Chemicals: Harsh chemicals, such as some cleaning products, can damage the surface of travertine.
      • Wear Over Time: Although durable, travertine can show signs of wear over time, especially in high traffic areas.

    Frequently asked questions from our customers about travertine

    These are the most frequent questions our customers have about travertine in our help channels. I hope they help you resolve your questions, but if not, contact us through one of our channels and we will give you a quick, free and no-obligation response.

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