Granite: types, applications, colors and prices

We bring you the best information about granite: colors, types, textures, uses, prices per square meter (m2), environments and finishes.

What is granite and what is it made of?

Granite is a natural igneous stone formed by the crystallization of molten magma. It is known for its hardness, durability and the diversity of colors and patterns it presents. It forms at considerable depths below the Earth's surface when magma cools and slowly solidifies. This slow crystallization results in the formation of grains of minerals, such as quartz, feldspar and mica, which constitute granite.

Granite is widely used in construction and decoration due to its strength and beauty . It is used in kitchen countertops, floors, wall coverings, monuments, exterior pavements, among others.

Where does granite come from?

Granite is extracted from quarries all over the world. Countries such as Brazil, India, China, Spain and the United States are known to have significant deposits of granite. As we have mentioned, Brazil, India, China, Norway, Italy and Spain are some of the main producers of granite worldwide.

A famous work that is largely made of granite is Mount Rushmore, located in the state of South Dakota, United States. Mount Rushmore is a monument carved into the side of a mountain and features the sculpted heads of four American presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln.

How are the colors of granites formed?

Here is a general explanation of how colors are formed in granite:

The colors of granite are formed due to the presence of specific minerals and the variation in their composition. The formation of colors in granite is related to the slow crystallization of molten magma that gives rise to igneous rock. Here are some key factors that contribute to the formation of colors in granite:

  • Dominant Minerals: The colors of granite are influenced by the dominant minerals in its composition. Quartz can provide transparent, white, gray or pink tones. Feldspars contribute a variety of colors, from whites and grays to more pinkish tones, while micas can be black, brown or gold.
  • Presence of Accessory Minerals: The diversity of colors is also due to the presence of accessory minerals in variable quantities. Hornblende can add green and black tones, and magnetite can contribute black tones.
  • Chemical Composition: The specific chemical composition of the magma and the minerals present affect the final colors of the granite. Different concentrations of minerals result in variations in the hue and intensity of colors.
  • Texture and Structure: The texture and structure of granite, including mineral distribution and grain size, can also influence the visual perception of colors. The way the mica is arranged in sheets can affect the shine and overall appearance of the granite.
  • Geological Processes: Geological processes, such as pressure and temperature during the formation of granite, influence the variation of colors. Changes in these conditions can result in different shapes and distributions of minerals, thus affecting colors.

  • In summary, the unique combination of minerals and geological conditions during the formation of granite contributes to the wide variety of colors and patterns that characterize this natural stone.

    Main Uses of Granite

    Granite is an extremely versatile and durable natural stone, and is used in a variety of applications in construction and decoration. Here are some of the main uses of granite:

    • Kitchen Countertops: Granite is very popular for making kitchen countertops. Its durability, stain resistance, and variety of colors make it a common choice in residential and commercial kitchens.
    • Flooring: It is widely used in floor paving both indoors and outdoors. It can be found in lobbies, hallways, lounges and high traffic areas due to its resistance to wear and tear.
    • Wall Coverings: Granite is used as wall covering indoors, especially in areas such as bathrooms and hallways. Its natural beauty and resistance make it suitable for areas exposed to humidity.
    • Stairs and Railings: Due to its strength and durability, granite is commonly used in stairs and railings in public, commercial and residential buildings.
    • Decorative Elements: It is used for the creation of decorative elements such as fireplaces, fountains, sculptures and other architectural elements that require resistance and an attractive appearance.
    • Monuments and Tombstones: Granite is a popular material for the construction of memorials and tombstones. Its durability and the possibility of sculpting it facilitate the creation of lasting monuments.
    • Furniture: It is used in the manufacture of furniture, such as tables and countertops, due to its resistance and aesthetic appeal.
    • Exterior Cladding: Granite is used in exterior cladding of buildings, whether in the form of panels, tiles or architectural details.
    • Urban Elements: It is used in urban elements such as paving stones, benches and other decorative elements in public spaces.
    • Bathtubs and Sinks: In luxury bathrooms, granite is used for the manufacture of bathtubs and sinks due to its water resistance and elegant appearance.

    These are just a few examples, and the versatility of granite allows it to be used in a wide range of applications both indoors and outdoors.

    Colors and shades of granite

    There are numerous types of granite, each with unique characteristics in terms of color, pattern and mineral composition. Below are some of the main types of granite along with some representative colors:

    The best granites from our factory to your home

    At Tienda del Mármol - Mármoles Andrés Marín we are manufacturers of the main granite stones of the moment such as green, pink, gray and the greatest variety of black tones with which we make all types of applications and we send them to any part of the world where you need them, at low prices without intermediaries.

    We can produce large quantities thanks to our technology and our work team to supply the amount of granite you need at all times with very short shipping times.

    We ship granite to any part of the world

    We have preferential agreements with both national and international means of transport to be able to take our best granites to any part of the world at very reasonable prices. Ask us for a quote for the natural stone you need and we will immediately send you prices for shipping costs.

    Hundreds of residences and all types of works around the world are built with natural granite stone from our factory in Caravaca, with countries such as France or Switzerland being the main export destinations.

    Granite Finishes / Treatments

    We call finishing any treatment that is carried out on granite and that provides a touch of beauty and, above all, covers the habitability needs that it requires. For example, a bush-hammered treatment is applied to granite to prevent it from slipping in wet or humid conditions. There are basically two types of finishes, those that are applied to the face of the granite and those that are applied to the edge of the stone. We detail them below.

    The finishes we apply to the granite surface

    Normally we can apply up to 8 types of treatment on the surface of the granite. Each finish provides different qualities to the natural stone depending on the operation, application or use that is going to be given to it.

    Bush hammered

    Bush hammered Sandstone

    The bush-hammered finish of the sandstone is achieved by hitting the surface of the sandstone with a hammer or also called a bush hammer, achieving a uniform and rough appearance, which achieves greater grip.

    Main uses of bush-hammered sandstone

    • Exteriors: facades, floors, pavements, stairs and pool edges, especially to avoid slipping when wet or damp.

    Limestone Honed

    This finish gives the limestone a smooth, matte surface. Just as the polished finish has a crystalline shine, the honed finish has a shine although it gives us a very smooth texture.

    More and more customers are choosing the honed finish because of the possibilities it offers.

    How to obtain the honed limestone

    The type of honed finish on limestone is achieved with rotating wheels on its surface that "scorch" it, presenting different granulometries depending on the goal to be achieved.

    Main uses of the honed finish of Limestone

    • Interiors, it can be used on floors and wall cladding
    • Outdoors mainly on facades

    Sandblasted Limestone

    The sandblasted finish gives the limestone a slight grainy relief, which results in a base with a very fine dotted pattern that is not smooth, but uniform in its texture. The sandblasting of limestone is obtained by exposing the surface to a jet of silica sand, causing a soft abrasion.

    Main uses of sandblasted limestone

    • Outdoors, especially floors and facades
    • Indoors it is not usually used for its rough texture


    Raw Marble

    The finish of raw, sawn or cut marble is achieved by sawing the piece of marble with diamond discs or strips. The result is a rough, scratchy and dull marble.

    Uses of raw marble

    • Exterior floors and paving, due to its grip capacity
    • Interior floors for polishing "in situ", it is the ideal to achieve the best result


    Aged Limestone

    The aged limestone finish seeks to transmit the passage of time and allows us to achieve a classic atmosphere. To achieve this finish, different types of discs and brushes are used that make it smooth, old and worn at the same time, but also rough.

    Uses of Aged limestone

    • Mainly in interior limestone floors, paving, cladding and cladding


    Ground Limestone

    The ground limestone, quite simply, is a dull limestone to prevent it from slipping, which is why it is widely used on outdoor floors.

    Grinding is achieved with fewer passes than for honing, that is, a puttying process is passed (covering the pores and fissures with the limestone-colored putty) and it is treated in the polisher with a single pass to smooth a little and Go over the remains of the putty from the pores and fissures.

    With the grinding, the cut marks that have remained from the rough phase and the finish of the marble are eliminated, being matte although with less pores and rusticity. To obtain ground limestone, a 60 granulometry carborundum wheel is used.

    Uses of ground limestone

    • Ground limestone is used mainly on exterior floors and facades

    Uses of ground limestone

    • Ground limestone is mainly used outdoors


    Scarfiled Limestone

    The scarfilado gives the limestone a rustic appearance, discovering reliefs and irregularities that give it a unique touch. Its appearance is very similar to that of a split fragment with a natural cut but with more reliefs. It is being used not only in rustic settings but also in the most avant-garde spaces.

    This aspect is achieved by striking with chisels and traditional tools on the marble that gives off splinters.

    Uses of scarfiled limestone

    • Grinded limestone is mainly used in interior and exterior facades and limestone cladding

    The treatments applied to the edges of a piece of granite stone

    There is a wide variety of finishes that can be applied to the edges of granite stone. Remember that we can do any type of finish you need, although the most common are:

    We are manufactures We manufacture for you
    Quick Deliveries We ship worldwide
    Factory prices Without intermediaries
    Wide Catalog Assorted colors
    Quality Granite Specially selected
    Cut to size projects With personalized attention

    What is the price of granite? How is the square meter of this natural stone?

    The price of top quality granite, like the one we manufacture at, will depend on factors such as the color, type or treatment applied to its face or edge. The price of granite per square meter is also affected by the size of the piece and especially by the quantity. What is the price per square meter (m2) of granite stone? we bring you a table of prices per m2 of the different sandstones in their most common formats and various treatments that are available. apply. Taxes, shipping or quantity discounts are not included.

    Types of granite Polish Rawn Honed Aged Sandblasted Bushhamered
    White Silver
    (Losas de 60x40x2 cm)
    Gray G-603
    (Losas de 60x40x1.5 cm)
    Castile White
    (Losas de 60x40x2 cm)
    Dark Gray G-654
    (Losas de 60x40x2 cm)
    (Losas de 40x40x2 cm)
    Red Maple
    (Losas de 60x40x1.5 cm)
    Light Pink G-636
    (Losas de 60x40x1.5 cm)
    Intense Pink G-681
    (Losas de 60x30x1.5 cm)
    Rosa Porrino
    (Losas de 60x30x1.5 cm)
    Rosa Sales
    (Losas de 60x40x1.8 cm)
    (Losas de 120x90x2 cm)
    (Losas de 60x60x2 cm)
    (Losas de 60x60x2 cm)
    (Losas de 60x60x2 cm)
    (Losas de 60x60x2 cm)
    Vila Real
    (Losas de 60x60x2 cm)
    (Losas de 60x60x2 cm)
    (Losas de 60x60x2 cm)
    (Losas de 60x60x2 cm)

    (Losas de cm)
    (Losas de 60x60x2 cm)
    (Losas de cm)
    (Losas de cm)
    (Losas de cm)
    (Losas de 60x40x2 cm)
    ALBA White
    (Losas de 60x40x1.5 cm)
    (Losas de 60x40x1.5 cm)
    Crystal White
    (Losas de 60x40x2 cm)
    (Losas de 60x40x2 cm)
    Alba Gray
    (Losas de 60x30x2 cm)
    (Losas de 60x40x2 cm)
    (Losas de 60x40x2 cm)
    Great Gray
    (Losas de cm)
    (Losas de cm)
    (Losas de 60x40x2 cm)
    (Losas de cm)
    (Losas de 40x40x2 cm)
    Julia Cream
    (Losas de cm)
    Black Tezal
    (Losas de cm)
    Rosa Alba
    (Losas de 60x40x2 cm)
    Gran Beig
    (Losas de cm)
    Eucalyptus Green
    (Losas de cm)
    Multicolor Red
    (Losas de cm)
    Pink Lighthouse
    (Losas de cm)
    (Losas de 60x40x2 cm)
    Tragal Gray
    (Losas de 60x30x2 cm)
    Blanquino Granite
    (Losas de 60x40x1.5 cm)

    Advantages of granite in Architecture and Interior Design

      The advantages of granite in architecture and construction are many. Here we bring you the main ones.
      • Durability: Granite is an extremely durable and resistant natural stone. It is known for its ability to resist wear, impacts and abrasions.
      • Scratch Resistance: Granite is scratch resistant and maintains its appearance for a long period of time, especially when properly installed and cared for.
      • Variety of Colors and Patterns: There is a wide range of granite colors and patterns available, allowing designers and homeowners to find the option that best suits their needs. preferences and styles.
      • High Temperature Resistance: Granite is heat resistant, making it suitable for kitchen applications where hot utensils are used.
      • Stain Resistance: When properly sealed, granite can be stain resistant and easy to clean, making it ideal for spill-prone areas.< /li>
      • Aesthetic Appearance: The natural beauty of granite, with its unique color and pattern variations, adds an aesthetic touch to any space.
      • Easy Maintenance: Maintenance of granite is relatively simple. It can be easily cleaned with mild soap and water, and may require periodic sealing to maintain its stain resistance.
      • Versatile Use: Can be used in a variety of applications, from kitchen and bathroom countertops to flooring, wall coverings and decorative elements.
      • Bacteria Resistance: Granite is a hard, non-porous surface, making it difficult for bacteria and other germs to accumulate, making it a hygienic option .
      • Resale Value: Investing in granite can increase the resale value of a property, since it is perceived as a material of high quality and durability.

    Disadvantages of granite in Architecture and Interior Design

      The disadvantages to take into account of granite in construction and architecture are:
      • Acid Sensitivity: Granite can be sensitive to acidic substances, such as lemon juice or vinegar, which could cause damage if not cleaned quickly.
      • Need for Sealing: Although stain resistant, granite generally requires periodic sealing to maintain its protection. If not sealed properly, it can become more susceptible to stains.
      • Initial Cost: The initial cost of granite, including purchase and installation, can be higher compared to some other surface options.
      • Design Limitations: Being a natural stone, granite slabs may have variations in color and pattern. This can be a disadvantage for those looking for uniformity in their design.
      • Weight: Granite is a heavy material, which may require additional reinforcements in certain applications, especially lighter construction.
      • Possible Fracture: Although it is strong, granite can fracture or crack if subjected to severe impact or sudden changes in temperature.
      • Requires Professionals for Installation: Granite installation is generally best done by professionals, which can add additional costs to the project.
      • Limited to Natural Colors: Although the variety of colors is extensive, granite is limited to natural colors and patterns, which may not be ideal for those looking for more options. bold or personalized.

    Frequently asked questions from our customers about granite

    These are the most frequent questions our customers have about granite in our help channels. I hope they help you resolve your questions, but if not, contact us through one of our channels and we will give you a quick, free and no-obligation response.

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